Makanan Rusia

Makanan Rusia


In transient, Russian cuisine might per chance per chance per chance additionally be divided into four most significant eras:

Old skool Russian cuisine (ninth-16th centuries);

Within the medieval duration most Russian beverages turned national: mead, khmel, kvass, cider. Beer regarded in 1284. In 1440-1470s Russia stumbled on vodka made of rye grain. Till the 17th century milk and meat weren’t standard. Meat boiled in shchi (cage soup) or for kasha was as soon as now not even roasted until the 16th century.

Old skool Moscow cuisine (17th century):

Starting with Peter the Immense, Russian nobility borrowed some of West European culinary customs and traditions. Rich nobles who visited countries in Western Europe supplied international cooks with them to magnify their repertoire. It was as soon as at the present that minced meat was as soon as introduced into Russian cuisine: chops, casseroles, pates and rolls grew to become moderately standard, along with non-Russian (Swedish, German, French) soups, which regarded in the 17th century: solyanka, (purple meat soup) and rassolnik (potato and quandary soup) containing brines, lemons and olives regarded at the identical time and had been hppily built-in into the cuisine. It was as soon as in the course of this duration that such illustrious delicacies as sad caviar and salted, jellied fish regarded.

Within the 16th century Kazan and Astrakhan Khanates along with Bashkiria and Siberia had been annexed to Russia. Recent food products corresponding to raisins (grapes), dried apricots, figs, melons, watermelons, lemons and tea made their first appearance, great to the pleasure of the populace. Within the heart of the short rising season, even downhearted farmers might per chance per chance per chance revel in a diversity of contemporary fruits, along with drying them for the prolonged winter months. International cooks cooked their national dishes, which harmoniously fitted in Russian cuisine. There was as soon as additionally the time of German sandwiches, butter, French and Dutch cheeses.

Petersburg cuisine (live of the 18th century-1860s)

The French expanded the assortment of starters by adding a prefer of old Russian meat, fish, mushroom and sour vegetable dishes that the variety of which is regularly a shock for foreigners. Because cold weather might per chance per chance per chance final as prolonged as nine months in some regions, preserved meals had been a mountainous phase of Russian cuisine, and households would retailer as great food as imaginable to final via the prolonged winters. This included smoking, salting, soaking, and fermenting. Cabbage might per chance per chance per chance be old all winter to develop shchi, or be old as a filling for dumplings. Soaked apples had been generally served to friends or in some aspect dishes. Pickled cucumbers had been a most significant ingredient in a lot of dishes, including some outmoded soups. Salted and dried meat and fish had been eaten after religious and pre-holiday fasts. Overall, it was as soon as a blooming spartan weight-reduction arrangement, with most financial groups the use of what was as soon as on hand.

Old Russian meals are heavily influenced by crammed dumplings, hearty stews, soups, potatoes and cabbage:

+ Borscht one of Russia’s entirely-known meals, a stout, cold stew made with beets and topped with sour cream

+ Beef Stroganoff – strips of purple meat sauteed in a sauce of butter, white wine, sour cream (called ‘smetana’ in Russia), mustard and onions; ate either straight or poured over rice or noodles

+ Candy-and-Bitter Cabbage – cooked in purple wine vinegar, applesauce, butter and onions.diced apples, sugar, bay leaves

+ Solyanka Soup – a hearty soup made of thick chunks of purple meat and / or pork, cooked for hours over a low flame with garlic, tomatoes, peppers and carrots

+ Golubtsy.- Shredded or minced purple meat wrapped in cage and steamed / boiled until cooked; stumbled on at some level of Jap Europe

+ Olivie. – a extra or less potato salad made with pickles, eggs, bologna and carrots blended with mayo

+ Blini – thin, crepe-be pleased pancakces topped with delectable or candy toppings be pleased minced purple meat, caviar, or apples

+ Potato Okroshka.- cold soup made of buttermilk, potatoes and onions, garnished with dill; Vichyssoise (generally attributed to the French, it was as soon as in actuality created at the Ritz Carlton in NYC in 1917 however if truth be told rejected by French cooks, who instituted them created it)

+ Knish – mashed potatoes, ground purple meat, onions and cheese crammed inner thick dough pastry and deep fried / baked

+ Khinkali – dumplings of ground purple meat and cilantro

+ Khachapuri – thick, crusty bread fashioned be pleased a ship and crammed with a diversity of melted cheese

+ Zharkoye – a purple meat stew made with potatoes, carrots, parsley, and celery, spiced with garlic, cloves, and dill; served hot with sour cream

+ Pelmeni – dumplings made of thin, unleavened dough, crammed with minced meat, mushrooms and onions

+ Shashlik – basic shesh kebab

+ Tula Gingerbread – equivalent to our gingerbread, however might per chance per chance per chance include jam or nuts

+ Pirozhki – pastries crammed with meat, potatoes, cage or cheese, equivalent to Polish pierogi

+ Morozhenoe (wisely off ice cream); wisely hello … now you’re talkin ‘

+ Chak-Chak (Russia’s try at funnel truffles … would we develop that up?)

You’ll peek a particular absence of contemporary vegetable salads, seafood, pasta and rice.They are appropriate now not phase of their popular weight-reduction arrangement. And naturally Russia is with out misfortune now not known for his or her cakes. Even Rooster Kiev is regularly credited to several NYC restaurants who divulge they created it, now not to any native Russian chef or restaurant. (gee … you are going to provide the selection to now not direct one thing else for the time being).

So subsequent time you safe a hankering for some borscht or a kinkali, you appropriate might per chance per chance per chance must whip it up yourself. There might per chance be now not a preponderance of Russian restaurants wherever in the US nor the prefer for them. Few folks thnk of blinis or knish when planning Sunday dinner. But who is conscious of? You doubtlessly can appropriate inquire a complete unique world of cuisine when you stick your toe in the Russian weight-reduction arrangement (oh dear, that did now not near out exact). Scurry for it.

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